By Christian Dunne
Although pharmaceutical manufacturers take stringent steps to ensure that their production systems are as safe as possible, a fully gowned operator can still create as many 150,000 particles per minute, meaning that drug manufacturing is never a completely hazard-free process.
Due to the risks involved, it is vital that manufacturers ensure the sterile transfer of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) and formulation ingredients during aseptic processing. A wide range of techniques have been developed to make sure that the manufacturing process is as safe as possible. But which methods are the most popular? And why do they stand out?